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        her的用法精析

        時間:2020-08-30 14:39:44 1147

        你知道her的用法嗎?快來一起學習吧,下面小編就和大家分享,來欣賞一下吧。

        她到底什么意思?her的用法精析

        Eyes are raining for her,heart is holding umbrella for her,this is love”.

        ——Rabindranath Tagore

        眼睛為她下著雨,心卻為她打著傘,這就是愛情。

        ——泰戈爾《吉檀迦利》

        一、你知道her有幾種含義嗎?

        abbr.

        (= heraldry) 紋章術,紋章學

        pron.

        1.(she的賓格)她,(用作動詞或介詞賓語)她

        You don't need to take off your gloves to her like that.

        你不必對她如此地不依不饒。

        2.(she的所有格)她的

        Most flashlights work on two batteries.

        大多數的手電筒用兩節電池。

        二、一起來玩個小游戲吧

        I went in the room and told I had something to say to

        我走進房間,告訴她我有話要和她說。

        her 與 hers的用法

        her形容詞性

        hers是名詞性的

        her 有兩個意思,一是 she 的賓格,在句子中作賓語,和him用法一樣;二是形容詞性的物主代詞,用在具體的物之前,表示“她的”,和his一樣

        hers是與her相對的名詞性的物主代詞,表示“什么東西是她的”用法和mine yours his 等一樣

        this is her bag. 這是她的包

        this bag is hers. 這包是她的。

        也就是涉及她的東西時,用英語表示時她后面有具體東西時用 her

        she和her的用法與區別

        1主格用法

        主格,賓格作句子的賓語或表語。物主代詞分為形容詞性物主代詞和名詞性物主代詞。形容詞性物主代詞起形容詞的作用,在句中作定語。名詞性物主代詞起名詞的作用,在句中作主語或賓語。

        例句

        I am a teacher.(主格作主語)我是一名老師。

        Please call me Jim. (賓格作句子的賓語)請叫我吉姆。

        Who is knocking at the door? It's me.(賓格作句子的表語)誰在敲門?是我。

        2形容詞性物主代詞內容

        形容詞性物主代詞有:my(我的),your(你的、你們的),our(我們的),his(他的),her(她的),its(它的),their(他們的)。形容詞性物主代詞具有形容詞的特性,經常放在名詞前面作定語,表明該名詞所表示的人或物是“誰的”或...belongs to sb。

        用法

        有“名”則“形”,無“名”則“名”。

        意思是:后面是名詞的話,前面就要用形容詞性物主代詞。后面沒有名詞的話,就用名詞性物主代詞。

        主動語態與被動語態的轉換規則

        把主動語態改為被動語態非常簡單,可以遵循以下幾個步驟:

        1. 先找出謂語動詞;

        2. 再找出謂語動詞后的賓語;

        3. 把賓語用作被動語態中的主語;

        4. 注意人稱、時態和數的變化。

        例:1. Bruce writes a letter every week. →A letter is written by Bruce every week. 布魯斯每星期寫一封信。

        2. Li Lei mended the broken bike this morning.→The broken bike was mended by Li Lei this morning. 李雷今天上午在修理壞的自行車。

        3. He has written two novels so far.→Two novels have been written by him so far. 至今他已寫了兩部小說。

        4. They will plant ten trees tomorrow.→Ten trees will be planted by them tomorrow. 他們明天將要種植十棵樹。

        5. Lucy is writing a letter now.→A letter is being written by Lucy now. 露西正在寫信。

        6. You must lock the door when you leave.→the door must be locked when you leave. 當你離開的時候你必須把門鎖上。

        三、使用被動語態應注意的幾個問題:

        1. 不及物動詞無被動語態。

        What will happen in 100 years?一百年里會發生什么事?

        The dinosaurs disappeared about 65 million years ago. 約65萬年前恐龍滅絕。

        2. 有些動詞用主動形式表示被動意義。

        This pen writes well. 這支鋼筆很好寫。

        This new book sells well. 這本新書賣的很好。

        3. 感官動詞或使役動詞使用省略to的動詞不定式,主動語態中不帶to ,但變為被動語態時,須加上to 。

        例:make somebody do something→somebody+ be +made to do something

        see somebody do something→somebody +be +seen to do something

        A girl saw my wallet drop when she passed by.→My wallet was seen to drop by a girl when she passed by. 一個女孩看到我的錢夾掉了當她經過的時候。

        The boss made the little boy do heavy work.→The little boy was made to do heavy work by the boss. 這個老板讓這小男孩干重活。

        4. 如果是接雙賓語的動詞改為被動語態時,直接賓語(物)作主語,那么動詞后要用介詞,這個介詞是由與其搭配的動詞決定。

        He gave me a book.→A book was given to me by him. 他給了我一本書。

        He showed me a ticket.→A ticket was shown to me by him. 他給我展示了一張票。

        My father bought me a new bike. →A new bike was bought for me by my father. 我父親給我買了一輛新自行車。

        5. 一些動詞短語用于被動語態時,動詞短語應當看作一個整體,而不能丟掉其中的介詞或副詞。

        We can't laugh at him. →He can't be laugh at by us. 我們不能嘲笑他。

        He listens to the radio every day. →The radio is listened to by him every day. 他每天都收聽廣播。

        The nurse is taking care of the sick man. →The sick man is being taken care of by the nurse.這護士在照顧這個虛弱的男人。

        主動語態與被動語態意思相同的動詞

        以下各句均引自權威詞典,雖然它們用主動語態和被動語態的強調重點有所不同,但它們的基本意思是大致相同:

        aim at

        The book (was) aimed at giving a general outline of this subject. 這本書的目的是要對這個問題作個大概描述。

        assemble

        The whole school (was) assembled in the main hall. 全校在大禮堂集合。

        bend

        They (were) bent double crouching under the table. 他們蜷著身子蹲在桌子底下。

        cluster

        Reporters (were) clustered round the Prime Minister. 記者把首相團團圍住。

        dim

        The stage lights (were) dimmed, and the play's first act was over. 舞臺燈光暗了下去,這出戲的第一幕結束了。

        drown

        He (was) drowned while trying to swim across a river. 他在努力游過一條河時淹死了。

        graduate

        Smith (was) graduated from Harvard. 史密斯畢業于哈佛大學。

        hang

        His portrait (was) hung above the fireplace. 他的肖像掛在壁爐的上方。

        head

        They are heading [headed] for London. 他們去倫敦。

        hole up

        The gang (was) holed up in the mountains somewhere. 那幫匪徒躲在山中某處。

        ice over

        The pond (was) iced over during the cold spell. 寒流期間池塘都封凍了。

        lodge

        The bullet (was) lodged in his brain. 子彈射入他的腦內。

        mist

        His eyes (were) misted with tears. 他淚眼模糊了。

        partner

        We (were) partnered off for the next dance. 下一舞曲我們兩人一起跳。

        sell out

        Soon the books (were) sold out. 書很快就被賣完了。

        smash

        The boat (was) smashed to pieces on the rocks. 船觸礁而撞碎了。

        stand down

        The troops (were) stood down: it was a false alarm. 部隊解除了戒備狀態,原來是虛驚一場。

        telescop

        The first two carriages of the train (were) telescoped in the crash. 火車撞車時前兩節車箱疊嵌在一起了。

        swing

        The gate (was) swung slowly to shut. 大門慢慢地關上了。

        whisk

        She (was) whisked up to the top floor in the lift. 她乘電梯迅速到達頂層。

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